MINNEAPOLIS — Just seven hours earlier than prosecutors opened their case in opposition to Derek Chauvin, a former Minneapolis police officer charged with murdering George Floyd, a Chicago officer chased down a 13-year-old boy in a West Side alley and fatally shot him as he turned together with his palms up.

One day later, at a lodge in Jacksonville, Fla., officers fatally shot a 32-year-old man, who, the police say, grabbed one in all their Tasers. The day after that, as an eyewitness to Mr. Floyd’s loss of life broke down in a Minneapolis courtroom whereas recounting what he noticed, a 40-year-old mentally sick man who mentioned he was being harassed by voices was killed in Claremont, N.H., in a shootout with the state police.

On each day that adopted, all through the shut of testimony, one other individual was killed by the police someplace within the United States.

The trial has pressured a traumatized nation to relive the grotesque loss of life of Mr. Floyd beneath Mr. Chauvin’s knee. But at the same time as Americans proceed to course of that case — and anxiously watch for a verdict — new circumstances of individuals killed by the police mount unabated.

Since testimony started on March 29, at the least 64 individuals have died by the hands of regulation enforcement nationwide, with Black and Latino individuals representing greater than half of the useless. As of Saturday, the common was greater than three killings a day.

The deaths, culled by The New York Times from gun violence databases, information media accounts and regulation enforcement releases, supply a snapshot of policing in America on this second. They testify not solely to the hazard and desperation that cops confront day by day, but additionally to the split-second selections and missteps by members of regulation enforcement that may escalate workaday arrests into fatalities.

They are the results of home violence calls, visitors stops gone awry, standoffs and chases. The victims typically behave erratically, some affected by psychological sickness, and the sight of something resembling a weapon causes issues to escalate shortly.

And their fallout has been wrenchingly acquainted, from the graphic movies that so typically emerge to the protests that so typically descend into scuffles between regulation enforcement and demonstrators on streets crammed with tear gasoline. Just as one group confronts one killing, one other occurs.

Across the spectrum, from group activists to regulation enforcement personnel, there may be emotional and psychological exhaustion — and the sensation that the nation can’t get this proper.

“How many more losses must we mourn?” Miski Noor, the co-executive director of the Minneapolis-based activist group Black Visions, mentioned in an announcement after the killing of Daunte Wright, 20, throughout a latest visitors cease in Brooklyn Center, Minn.

The ache of George Floyd’s loss of life “is still scarred into our minds and yet history continues to repeat itself,” the assertion continued. “Our community has reached its breaking point.”

This previous week the mayor of Chicago referred to as for calm as “excruciating” body camera footage was released within the police killing of the 13-year-old, Adam Toledo. The shaky video reveals a police officer, responding to a name of photographs fired, chasing a boy with what seems to be a gun down an alley at night time in a predominantly Latino neighborhood.

“Stop right now!” the officer screams whereas cursing. “Hands. Show me your hands. Drop it. Drop it.” A single shot fells the boy as he turns, lifting his palms.

Other latest deadly drive incidents have rocked communities massive and small: Michael Leon Hughes, 32, a Black man shot to loss of life on March 30 after, the police say, he used a Taser on a Jacksonville police officer responding to a home dispute in a motel; Iremamber Sykap, 16, a Pacific Islander killed on April 5 as he fled from the Honolulu police in a stolen Honda Civic; and Anthony Thompson Jr., 17, a Black teenager in Knoxville, Tenn., killed by the police on April 12 in a highschool lavatory after studies {that a} pupil had introduced a gun onto campus.

All of these killings and plenty of extra occurred as testimony within the Minneapolis trial unfolded, although few attracted as a lot nationwide consideration because the taking pictures of Mr. Wright lower than 10 miles from the courthouse the place Mr. Chauvin stood trial. Protests erupted in Brooklyn Center after a veteran police officer fatally shot Mr. Wright, saying she mistook her gun for her Taser, as he tried to flee throughout a visitors cease.

Abigail Cerra, a Minneapolis civil rights lawyer and a member of the Minneapolis Police Conduct Oversight Commission, mentioned it was unclear why the officers stopped him for an expired registration, a problem for a lot of drivers within the state through the coronavirus pandemic.

But two points of the case, she mentioned, have been infuriatingly acquainted: that Mr. Wright was Black, and that the police tasked with delivering him safely to the courts, the place violations of the regulation are imagined to be adjudicated, successfully delivered a loss of life sentence.

“It’s just another example of a nothing offense escalated to lethality,” Ms. Cerra mentioned.

Though many of those killings have a well-recognized ring, it’s unfair accountable all of them on regulation enforcement, mentioned Patrick Yoes, a retired sheriff’s workplace captain and president of the nationwide Fraternal Order of Police.

“In a lot of cities it has to do with people feeling hopeless,” he mentioned. “It’s poverty, it’s a failing education system. It’s all of these things that are vitally important to stability of a community.”

That instability typically locations officers in conditions through which they confront people who could also be harmful and noncompliant, he mentioned. Part of the explanation society has been unable to stop lethal encounters between regulation enforcement and the group is that some individuals are unwilling to debate the actual challenges of crime that officers typically encounter, he mentioned.

“There’s just so many factors that people have already made up their minds and they think that law enforcement is based off of race,” mentioned Mr. Yoes, who’s white.

Federal and state legal guidelines usually maintain that officers are justified in utilizing deadly drive so long as they’ve a “reasonable” concern of “imminent” damage or loss of life for themselves or one other individual. And jurors have a tendency to not second-guess what is likely to be “reasonable” drive within the second.

Of the 64 deadly encounters compiled by The Times for the previous three weeks, at the least 42 concerned individuals accused of wielding firearms. More than a dozen concerned confrontations with individuals who have been mentally sick or within the throes of a breakdown. And at the least 10 arose because the police responded to studies of home violence.

Some dispute the notion that hazard, reasonably than bias, is extra more likely to drive a regulation enforcement officer’s reactions.

“What I see sometimes is in these encounters with people of color, there is a different aggression,” mentioned Ron Johnson, a retired Missouri State Highway Patrol captain who led the police response in Ferguson, Mo., after the police killing of Michael Brown in 2014.

“This adrenaline starts going out of the roof,” added Mr. Johnson, who’s Black. “And why? It’s because we don’t have these experiences and these understandings of each other. And in some cases, it’s about humanity. We don’t see them in the same human way that we see ourselves.”

Since at the least 2013, with a slight dip due to the pandemic, about 1,100 individuals have been killed annually by regulation enforcement officers, in line with databases compiled by Mapping Police Violence, a analysis and advocacy group that examines all such killings, together with non-gun-related deaths equivalent to Mr. Floyd’s. The Washington Post, whose numbers are restricted to police shootings, replicate a equally flat pattern line.

Nearly all the victims since March 29 have been males, with Black or Latino individuals considerably overrepresented — a sample that displays broader felony justice analysis. And most have been below 30. Four have been youngsters.

Philip Stinson, a professor within the felony justice program at Bowling Green State University who research civilian killings by members of regulation enforcement, mentioned probably the most hanging facet of the statistics on deadly police drive is how little the numbers have modified within the decade or two since researchers started to comprehensively monitor them.

Even as cellphone movies and physique cameras make it more durable to cover human error and abuses of authority by regulation enforcement — and at the same time as social media amplifies public outrage — solely about 1.1 p.c of officers who kill civilians are charged with homicide or manslaughter, Dr. Stinson mentioned.

Since the start of 2005, he mentioned, 140 nonfederal sworn regulation enforcement officers — equivalent to cops, deputy sheriffs and state troopers — have been arrested on prices of homicide or manslaughter ensuing from an on-duty taking pictures. Of these, 44 have been convicted of a criminal offense ensuing from the incident, generally for a lesser offense.

That might be as a result of lots of the shootings are legally justified, or additionally, as Dr. Stinson believes, as a result of the authorized system and legal guidelines themselves are overly deferential to the police. That deference, he added, protects the established order within the greater than 18,000 regulation enforcement companies throughout the nation.

“All law enforcement is local,” he mentioned. “Culture eats policy, as the saying goes, and we have a police subculture whose core elements in many places include a fear of Black people.”

Dr. Stinson cited the now-infamous traffic stop of a uniformed Army medic who was held at gunpoint and doused with pepper spray by the police in Windsor, Va., a rural city close to Norfolk. The encounter, which occurred in December, was delivered to gentle this month after Caron Nazario, a second lieutenant within the U.S. Army Medical Corps, filed a federal lawsuit.

Body digital camera footage reveals members of the Windsor Police Department threatening and attacking Lieutenant Nazario, who’s Black and Latino, after stopping him as a result of he had not but put everlasting license plates on his new Chevrolet Tahoe.

The footage underscores the extent to which police tradition has resisted change in a lot of the nation, Dr. Stinson mentioned.

“We only know about this one because he has a lawyer, they filed a civil lawsuit and they were able to get recordings they could release,” he mentioned.

For many victims of police violence and their households, nevertheless, there isn’t any video proof to depend on.

Daly City, Calif., cops weren’t carrying physique cameras after they bought right into a wrestle with Roger Allen, 44, as he sat in a automobile idled with a flat tire on April 7. The officers say that Mr. Allen had what gave the impression to be a gun on his lap, in line with Stephen M. Wagstaffe, the San Mateo County district legal professional, who’s investigating the case. It turned out to be a pellet gun, however an officer fired a deadly bullet to Mr. Allen’s chest through the fracas.

Now Talika Fletcher, 30, mentioned she was struggling to return to phrases with the truth that her older brother, who was like a father determine, had joined the grim tally of Black males who died by the hands of regulation enforcement.

“I never thought in a million years that my brother would be a hashtag,” she mentioned.

She has little religion that the dynamic between Black males and regulation enforcement can be any higher as soon as her 14-month-old son, Prince, grows up.

“The cycle,” she mentioned, “it’s not going change.”

Alain Delaquérière contributed analysis.



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