WASHINGTON — The Biden administration introduced on Wednesday that it was asking Mexico to evaluate whether or not labor violations had occurred at a General Motors facility within the nation, a major step utilizing a brand new labor enforcement device within the revised North American commerce deal.

The administration is in search of the evaluate below the novel “rapid response” mechanism within the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement, which changed the North American Free Trade Agreement and took impact final summer season. Under the mechanism, penalties might be introduced towards a selected manufacturing unit for violating staff’ rights of free affiliation and collective bargaining.

The administration “received information appearing to indicate serious violations” of staff’ rights at the G.M. facility, in Silao within the central state of Guanajuato, in reference to a latest vote on their collective-bargaining settlement, the Office of the United States Trade Representative mentioned.

The vote was stopped final month amid accusations that the union at the ability had tampered with it, in accordance to information stories. Mexico’s Labor Ministry mentioned on Tuesday that it had discovered “serious irregularities” within the vote and ordered that it’s held once more inside 30 days.

The up to date North American commerce settlement required Mexico to revamp its labor system, and the nation overhauled its labor legal guidelines in 2019. Sham collective-bargaining agreements often known as safety contracts, that are reached with employer-dominated unions, are widespread within the nation. Now unions are holding votes to affirm the present agreements.

In a press release, Katherine Tai, the U.S. commerce consultant, mentioned the announcement on Wednesday “shows the Biden-Harris administration’s serious commitment to workers and a worker-centered trade policy.”

“Using U.S.M.C.A. to help protect freedom of association and collective-bargaining rights in Mexico helps workers both at home and in Mexico, by stopping a race to the bottom,” she mentioned, utilizing the initials for the commerce deal. “It also supports Mexico’s efforts to implement its recent labor law reforms.”

In a press release, General Motors mentioned that it believed it had no function within the alleged labor violations and that it had requested a third-party agency to evaluate the matter. The firm, which makes Chevrolet Silverado, Chevrolet Cheyenne and GMC Sierra pickup vehicles at the Silao facility, mentioned it could cooperate with Mexico’s Labor Ministry and the U.S. authorities.

“General Motors respects and supports the rights of our employees to make a personal choice about union representation and any collective bargaining on their behalf,” the assertion mentioned. “G.M. condemns violations of labor rights and actions to restrict collective bargaining.”

In asserting its request for a evaluate by Mexico, the Biden administration prevented putting an adversarial tone with the Mexican authorities.

Ms. Tai praised the federal government “for stepping in to suspend the vote when it became aware of voting irregularities,” including, “Today’s action will complement Mexico’s efforts to ensure that these workers can fully exercise their collective-bargaining rights.”

On Monday, the A.F.L.-C.I.O. and different teams filed a complaint below the fast response mechanism through which they alleged labor violations at the Tridonex auto components vegetation within the Mexican metropolis of Matamoros, throughout the border from Brownsville, Texas.

The Biden administration will evaluate that grievance, an official within the commerce consultant’s workplace mentioned. It may then ask Mexico to conduct a evaluate of that matter akin to the one it’s in search of of the G.M. facility.

Oscar Lopez contributed reporting from Mexico City.

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